The historical books of the new testament, from Joshua to Esther contain the history of the Reappearance and the West of the Hebrew nation.
The poetical books from Job up to Song of Songs, they belong in general terms to the Golden age of the Hebrew nation.
The Prophetic books from Isaiah up to Malachi, correspond to the days of the West of the Hebrew nation.
There are 17 Prophetic books; only 16 Prophets since Jeremiah wrote two books; the one that takes his name, and Lamentations.
These books are divided commonly in “Greater Prophets” and “Smaller Prophets” and we found them in the following order:
Greater prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel.
Smaller prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.
This classification is based on the size of books and obvious in the importance of its prophecies. Anyone of the three books Isaiah, Jeremiah or Ezekiel, is by itself more extensive than all the twelve together smaller prophets. Daniel contains almost as much as the two more extensive of the smaller prophets, Hosea and Zechariah.
Thirteen of the prophets were related to the destruction of the Hebrew nation; three with its restoration. The destruction of the nation took place in two stages.
- The kingdom of the north fell in the 734-721 B.C. Before and during this period they were: Joel, Jonah, Amos, Hosea, Isaiah and Micah.
- The kingdom of the south fell in the 606-586 B.C. In this period they were: Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Obadiah, Nahum, Habakkuk and Zephaniah. The restoration of the nation was in the 536-444 B.C. they relate to this period: Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi.
Classified according to its consignee:
To Israel: Amos, Hosea.
To Niniveh: Jonah, Nahum.
To Babylon: Daniel.
To the captives in Babylon: Ezekiel.
To Edom: Obadiah.
To Juda: Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
Every reader of the Bible must memorize the names of these prophets, in order to be able to refer easily to any of the books.
The historical event that evoke the work of the prophets was the apostasy of ten tribes at the end of Salomon's kingdom (I Kings 12). As political measure to support removed to the kingdom of the south, the kingdom of the north adopted as national religion the adoration to a calf of gold, religion of Egypt. Little later added the worship to Baal, who also managed to infiltrate into the kingdom of the south.
In this crisis when the people of God was leaving Him and was delivered to the idolatry of the neighboring nations, and the God's name was disappearing of the minds of the men and His plans for the redemption of the world seemed to fail, was when God raise his prophets.
Prophets and Priests
The Priests were the regular religious teachers of the nation, were forming a hereditary class and often they were the most hypocritical of this one, but with everything, were the teachers of religion. Instead of crying out against the sins of the people they were falling down in the same ones and were managing to be commanders of iniquity (THERE MUST SEEM TO THE READER A HISTORY THAT RETURNS TO REPEAT IN OUR DAYS AND LAMENTABLY DO NOT MAKE MISTAKES) The prophets were not a hereditary class, each one received the God's called direct, they were called of different conditions. Jeremiah and Ezekiel were Priests; probably also Zechariah. Isaiah, Daniel and Zephaniah were of real blood. Amos was a shepherd, we do not know what they have been the others (ALREADY APPROACHES THE TIME OF GOD AND HIS REAL PROPHETS).
Mission and Message of the Prophets:
Try to save to the nation of his idolatry and evilness, returning them to God.
Failing in this, announce that the nation would be destroyed.
But not destroyed completely; a remnant would safe
In the middle of this remnant an influence would come to enlarge for all the land and would bring to Jehova all the nations.
This influence would be situated in a great man that one day would get up of David's lineage. The prophets were calling him " THE RENEW ". David's family in a time the most powerful of the world, in the days of the prophets cut and knocked down up to governing to a small, despised kingdom and on the verge of disappearing, a kings' family without kingdoms, did not have to die, had to be reborn. Of the trunk of the family a scion would be born, a shoot so big that would be in special sense " THE RENEW ".
The period of the prophets included, for more or less, 400 years, 800-400 B.C. The central event of the period was the destruction of Jerusalem, chronologically more or less, in the middle of the period. With this event of one or otherwise, they were relating of fact or chronologically seven of the prophets: Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Abdias, Nahum, Habakkuk and Zephaniah. The fall of Jerusalem was the time of major prophetic activity, already try to avoid, or to explain it. Though God himself brought the destruction of Jerusalem, speaking humanly, he did all that could to avoid it. God opened a prophets' great quota in a great effort for saving Jerusalem.
Without having saved the Holy City for the fault of holiness of it, the prophets burn in explanations and divine safeties of which the fall of the chosen nation does not mean the end of the God's plans; that after a time of punishment there would be a restoration, and for the people of God, a glorious future.
Many modern books about the prophets do great emphasis in it's social message, the denunciation of the political corruption, of the oppression and of the moral rottenness of the nation. Nevertheless, the most that was worrying the prophets was the "idolatry" of the nation; that was wandering in his God's concept. It is surprising up to where modern writers and religions spend this for highly, specially in view of the universally recognized truth, of which the social life of a nation is a direct product of his relation with God by means of the Writings (John Quincy Adams, (1767-1848), President of the United States:
" So big it is my veneration towards the Bible, that fasten my children begin his reading more entrusted will be my hope that they manage to be useful citizens of his native country and respectable members of the society ", " For many years I have read habitually the whole Bible once a year").
The Prophetic Element
The modern erudite tend to disdain the prophetic aspect of the Bible. But the Bible predict. The most persistent thought in the whole O.T. It is this: that Jehova, God of the Hebrew nation, was managing to be God of all the nations. The successive generations of writers of the O.T. go on from the general thing to the particular thing to describe and to detail the way in which this will be done.
And in the prophets, even if they themselves have not understood the full meaning of any of his words, and though some of his predictions are veiled by the fogs of the historical events of his own times; nevertheless the history informs of Christ and of the extension of the christianity on the land there remains drawn of before hand, in sketch and in detail, the language that cannot refer to any other thing.
The central Message of every Prophet:
Joel: Vision of the age of the gospel; Jehova's crop between the nations.
Disobedience, punishment, repentance, blessing and promise of a glorious future.
Jonah: Loom of the interest of Jehova of Israel in the enemies of this one.
The love for those that have not known his Word, the opportunity to reach him across his mercies, even for the most merciless his love does not limit.
Amos: David's house, now pushed back by Israel, one day will govern the land.
Prediction of the judgment against the neighboring nations, because of his sins.
Five visions of the future judgment and the benedictions that will continue, after this one, (past, present and future for Israel and the world).
Hosea: Jehova pushed back by Israel, one day will be the God of all the nations.
The God's judgment expresses in the name of his three children.
In two sequences it repeats the cycle of the adultery, judgment, tenderness and restoration.
Isaiah: God has a remnant for which there is a glorious posterity.
Emmanuel's wonderful coming, his work, suffering, death and victory.
Micah: The future prince of Bethlehem and his glorious reign.
Nahum: Ninive's imminent judgment and his faint.
Zephaniah: Announces the future judgment, the imminent day of Jehova's ire will fall down on Juda
Jeremiah: The sin, the destruction, and the future glory of Jerusalem.
Ezekiel: the fall of Jerusalem, his restoration and his glorious future.
A flourishing Israel in the last times, " a great nation ".
Obadiah: For his hatred against the people of God, Edom will die completely.
Daniel: The four reigned, and the God's universal and eternal reign.
Habakkuk: The safety of the final victory of the People of God.
" The just person will live for "faith".
Haggai: The second temple, and the great future temple.
Zechariah: The future King his house and his glory.
Called to his village to the repentance and to turn to his God.
Malachi: Last message to the disobedient Messianic nation.
The father lover and his son who has dishonored his father
God always had his remnant of men and women, and God never have wanted that his People gets lost, because of it always he has had prophets in the middle of them, to warn them before, during and after the time, warns them in order that they move from the way that they take, by chance the prophets are hated by the people, which for saying the truth of God face to the village that often is rebellious and obstinate, and today, lamentably there are many false prophets in the world and in our congregations, which they say that speaks by part of God, but how can know if he is a prophet of God??,
If the prophecy is corroborated for what the Writings say, and for what Jesus teaches us, well, if the Prophecy goes in opposition to what the Bible says, this prophecy is human therefore carnal, animal, Satanic and Diabolical. The Bible is the only reference that we have of God's prophecies, and the current prophecies must be analyzed in the light of the Word, because of it we urge to that all of us are a few arduous readers of the God's Word, the Bible, the only one that for if alone it can correct and teach in our lives, because there is the God's Word, because of it the Writing is useful, usefully to teach, to refute, to correct and teach, to instruct and to qualify, to grow in knowledges and in FAITH.
We hope that this study serves you and your congregation, from already we urge you to read the writings and don’t forget any detail of it, that the Peace of God would be in your lives. Amen.
God bless you.
It shares these lessons, expands the Word of God.
We want to serve, allows to do it.
Creele a Dios Ministries 2007